Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum similar to varicose veins. There are two types of hemorrhoids - external and internal. External, or prolapsed, hemorrhoids, can be quite painful and are found protruding under the skin around the anus. If a blood clot forms inside an external hemorrhoid, the pain can be sudden and severe. You might feel or see a lump around the anus. The clot usually dissolves, leaving a skin tag, which may itch or become irritated. Internal hemorrhoids are typically painless and far enough inside the rectum that you can't see or feel them. Diagnosing internal hemorrhoids might include digital rectal exam to allow a doctor to check the lower rectum and anus.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEMORRHOIDS
- Painless bleeding during bowel movements/ rectal bleeding
- Itching, irritation or swelling around your anus/anal region
- Inflammation around the rectum and/ anus
- A lump near your anus which may be sensitive or painful
The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Varicose veins can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to:
- Straining during bowel movements
- Chronic diarrhea or constipation
- Low-fiber diet
- Anal intercourse
- Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet
Many times hemorrhoids do not require treatment because they go away on their own. However, there are also occasions where treatment is required. In order to avoid major health issues, it is important to know how to get rid of hemorrhoids and identify signs and symptoms as early as possible. There are several useful home remedies and steps on how to get rid of hemorrhoids or avoid them altogether.
There are many home remedies available that can help ease the symptoms of hemorrhoids until they clear up on their own. Please be cautious about what is placed on or near hemorrhoids, as they can easily become more inflamed and irritated.
1. Warm Baths
A warm bath with epsom salts may help to ease the symptoms. Sitting in a tub of warm water filled enough to cover the legs may help to ease the swelling of the rectum, reduce irritation, and even help stop bleeding.
2. Witch Hazel
Many people apply witch hazel directly to the external hemorrhoids to find relief.Natural witch hazel is an astringent, which is a substance that causes tissue to shrink. It has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties according to research in the Journal of Inflammation.
Adding a small amount of pure witch hazel to a cotton ball and dabbing onto the hemorrhoid may provide relief from many symptoms. If this makes symptoms worse, try a less direct method.
It is important that the witch hazel is not diluted with alcohol, as this can dry out and irritate the hemorrhoid.
3. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil has strong anti-inflammatory analgesic and antimicrobial properties. This means it can reduce inflammation and swelling around the anus which makes it a promising home treatment remedy for piles.
4. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera gel has been used historically to treat hemorrhoids and various skin conditions. It's thought to have anti-inflammatory properties which might help reduce irritation. The gel can be found as an ingredient in other products, but you should only use pure aloe vera gel on hemorrhoids.
5. Ice Pack
Applying ice or cold packs to the hemorrhoid may also help relieve pain and inflammation. For best results, apply an ice pack while seated or when the hemorrhoid flares up as it can help numb pain and temporarily reduce swelling.
6. Over the counter medicines
In cases where home remedies are not enough, over-the-counter drugs and creams may provide some relief.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen may help. Applying creams to the skin that contain ingredients such as hydrocortisone could provide temporary relief as well.
Prevention beforehand is always better than finding a solution because not all health issues can be cured once it's occurred. The least you can do now is minimize further health risks which takes a whole lot of discipline and lifestyle changes to happen.
Keep yourself hydrated
Drinking plenty of water will not only hydrate you, it will also keep your stool soft making it easy for it to pass. The inflamation should eventually subside around the anal canal if bowel movement strains are lessened.
Diets high in fiber are very important to digestive health, especially when it comes to bowel movements. Fiber can absorb water which helps to both soften the stool and give it more body-this makes it easier to pass.
What to wear
People can aid in the healing of hemorrhoids by wearing loose-fitting, breathable cotton underwear and pants. This can help prevent the area surrounding the hemorrhoids from becoming irritated by excess sweat and help reduce symptoms.
It is important not to force bowel movements. Straining and forcing bowel movements will make it worse.
Avoid irritants that might make your hemorrhoids worse. Toilet paper may not be the best choice for cleaning as it may be too harsh on your inflamed skin. You can transition to alcohol-free baby wipes or use lukewarm water with a mild soap to clean and ease the symptoms. It also helps to squat during excretion. Squatting during bowel movements will help relax your anal canal and the rectum clears itself easily with less force.
INVEST IN GOOD PRODUCTS THAT CAN HELP YOU HEAL
You may want to invest in good quality donut cushions or coccyx pillows while you are healing. The space in the middle of the donut cushion can help prevent unwanted pressure and friction on your hemorrhoids. You may buy them here.